Marine Protected Areas
System offers the best combination of features and usability for the protection and preservation of natural parks.
♦ Category IA
Category IA nature reserves can be also known as nature preserves, bio-reserves, or just preserves. These areas are dedicated to protecting biodiversity, and sometimes geological features. Scientific research is often carried out in these locations, and human visitation may be strictly controlled, meaning that the area must be closely monitored.
♦ Category IB
Category IB includes wilderness areas that are protected and usually unmodified or only slightly modified in order to retain their natural features. The purpose of these areas is to give current and future generations the chance to experience a truly natural environment. Sometimes indigenous communities live in this type of habitat and their culture and way of life is therefore protected.
♦ Category II
Category II national parks include large natural areas that aim to protect large-scale ecological processes. These areas are often used to preserve the natural ecosystem and the species that live there. They can be used to promote education and recreation.
♦ Category III
Category III includes protected natural monuments or features. These can range from landforms to submarine caverns, caves or ancient groves. These areas are often quite small in size and can be popular destinations for visitors. These monuments and features must be preserved and therefore require monitoring to achieve this.
♦ Category IV
Category IV is a habitat/species management area. This is an area that is dedicated to the protection of certain species and their habitats. These areas must be very closely monitored in order to make sure that the environment is perfectly adapted to the species living there. TZ Coastal Monitoring provides the tools needed to monitor the area.
♦ Category V
Category V protected landscape/seascape. This is an area where humans have interacted with nature leading to the development of an area of distinct character. This is a zone which is often of substantial ecological, biological or cultural importance. It may also be extremely scenic. It is important to monitor these areas in order to protect and sustain their natural features.
♦ Category VI
Category VI protected areas with the sustainable use of natural resources. These areas are usually large and mostly in a natural condition. A part of the region is often under human management with the aim of protecting and developing the natural ecosystem. As with the other types of natural parks mentioned above, Category VI areas often benefit from surveillance in order to prevent any contamination or harmful activity from occurring.